Social Work Exam Review

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First I want to thank Linton for extending my study time. I was scheduled to take my test in April and was not able to as my mother passed away. I wrote to Linton and explained my situation, he extended my access time by two months!!! what a guy!

Wanted to share some tips for all those taking the Clinical exam. First I wrote down the acronym FAREAFI and ASPIRINS, I added my own note where I said " always ensure SAFETY. I must say these acronyms helped on many questions, but be careful, some… Continue

Added by Nicola Harper on July 6, 2010 at 9:23pm — No Comments

Administrative Functions of Supervision

The Administrative function of supervision seeks to ensure the social worker completes tasks associated with agency policy and procedure, and provides a senior mentor as a resource. Agencies must promote and maintain high work standards, a cohesive marriage between practice and policy within the administration, and offer the assurance of efficiency during an era of shrinking dollars, growing accountability and the need to maintain high ethical standards.

Two key reasons for… Continue

Added by Dr. Linton Hutchinson on January 19, 2010 at 8:59am — No Comments

Educational Functions of Supervision

Mary Richmond, the early pioneer of social work, directed the first coursework related to fieldwork supervision in 1911 at the Russel Sage Foundation Charity Organization Department, establishing the first formal social work supervision training. By the 1920, the pivotal shift was made from human service organizations having the explicit purview of educating social workers to colleges and universities doing the primary training. The educational component of supervision allows for the instilling… Continue

Added by Dr. Linton Hutchinson on January 18, 2010 at 8:10am — No Comments

Standardized psychological assessment tests

● Achievement and aptitude tests

o Seen in educational or employment settings

o Attempt to measure either

■ Achieved knowledge- particular subjects

■ Aptitude or ability to master material in a particular area.

● Intelligence tests

o Measure basic ability to understand the world, assimilate to functioning, and apply knowledge to enhance the quality of life.

o Intelligence is a measure of a potential, not a measure of what one has learned (as in an… Continue

Added by Dr. Linton Hutchinson on August 2, 2007 at 4:40pm — No Comments

Ethical Practices with Culturally Diverse Clients

■ Current ethical codes are based on individualism which is a Western characteristic.

■ There is significantly less focus on the role of family, group identity, lifestyle and religious beliefs which have equal importance to individuality in other cultures.

■ The AAMFT code of ethics states “therapists do not discriminate against or refuse professional service to anyone on the basis of race, sex, religion, or national origin.”

■ It is ethical for… Continue

Added by Dr. Linton Hutchinson on August 2, 2007 at 4:39pm — No Comments

Addiction treatment modalities

From: SocialWorkExam.Com

Outpatient Care

*Techniques vary by clinician but typically include :

  • cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • problem-solving groups
* Low success rate with heavily addicted individuals.

* Moderate addicts may find that this level of treatment is enough to end their drug abuse problems.

12 Step Programs

* Clients attend meetings.

*Preferable after… Continue

Added by Dr. Linton Hutchinson on July 15, 2007 at 11:23pm — No Comments

Effect of substance abuse & dependence on individual and family functioning

⋄ Chronic substance abusers tend to be isolated from their families after a long period of damaging relationships.

⋄ Substance abuse affects more than the immediate family.

⋄ Extended family members often report feeling abandoned, embarrassed by, ashamed of, and withdrawn from the substance abusing family member, often choosing to break relational ties.

⋄ Different family structures in which abuse affects the family relationship:

o Client who lives alone or with a partner.… Continue

Added by Dr. Linton Hutchinson on June 20, 2007 at 4:43pm — No Comments

Risk factors and relational patterns of endangerment

Risk factors for Victimization

o Being female

o Young age

o Being a minority

o Drug and alcohol use

o High-risk sexual behavior

o Exposure to victimization as a child

o Low education level

o Unemployment

o Low SES

o Little or no support system

o Low self esteem

o Adolescence or developmental transition period

o Having a verbally abusive, jealous, or possessive partner

o Couples with income, educational, or job status… Continue

Added by Dr. Linton Hutchinson on June 20, 2007 at 4:41pm — No Comments

Crisis Intervention Models

Crisis intervention with date rape, school violence, substance abuse, adolescent suicide, marital abuse, HIV positive, and hospital intensive care clients.

Step #1: Listen

- Establish therapeutic relationship.

- Identify precipitating problems.

- Explore emotions.

Step #2: Assessment

- Determine the severity of the crisis.

- Assess potential lethality or physical harm to the person or others.

- Identify past coping skills, strengths and… Continue

Added by Dr. Linton Hutchinson on June 20, 2007 at 4:40pm — No Comments

DSM and ICD Health Problems

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and International Statistical Classification of Diseases & Related Health Problems (ICD)

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)

o Handbook for mental health professionals.

o Includes all categories of mental disorders and their corresponding diagnosable criteria.

o Intended to be used by those with clinical training.

o In accordance with the American Psychiatric… Continue

Added by Dr. Linton Hutchinson on June 19, 2007 at 10:26am — No Comments

Family Life Cycle Stages


1. Married Couples without children

2. Child bearing families

3. Families with pre-school children

4. Families with school children

5. Families with teenagers

6. Families launching young adults

7. Middle aged parents- empty nest to retirement

8. Aging Family members- retirement to death of both spouses

Family Stage impact on Problems

Vertical Stressors

o Relational patterns that are transmitted from one… Continue

Added by Dr. Linton Hutchinson on June 19, 2007 at 10:24am — No Comments

Risk factors for and patterns of abuse

Recognizing sings of abuse

In the child:

o Sudden changes in behavior or school performance

o Not medical attention for problems brought to parents attention.

o Learning problems, difficulty concentrating, that cannot be attributed to specific disabilities.

o Tends to be watchful, expecting something to happen.

o Lacks adult supervision.

o Overly compliant, passive, or withdrawn.

o Comes to school or other activities early, stays late,… Continue

Added by Dr. Linton Hutchinson on June 19, 2007 at 10:23am — No Comments

Codes of ethics

Ethics= the study of what constitute s good and bad human conduct, including related actions and values. Ethical practice by a therapist is when a therapist has good moral sense, follows the code of ethics, is up to date on the existing laws that impact their clients, and have good clinical expertise.

Professional code of ethics functions

Define the role of the profession

o Codes express dominant morality of the field

o Define values and goals of the… Continue

Added by Dr. Linton Hutchinson on June 19, 2007 at 10:20am — No Comments


The diagnosis typically assigned for clients and families dealing with divorce is depression. The symptoms are usually the same for children, adolescents, and adults.


• Persistent sadness

• Inability to enjoy favorite activities

• Increased irritability

• Physical problems such as headaches and stomach aches

• Poor school performance

• Poor work performance

• Persistent boredom

• Low energy

• Poor concentration

• Changes in eating and… Continue

Added by Dr. Linton Hutchinson on June 19, 2007 at 10:16am — No Comments

Sexually transmitted infections

Sexually transmitted infections (STI) are most often associated with engaging in promiscuous behavior or being unfaithful to one’s partner, which makes it challenging for clients to seek help and medical attention for their often treatable infections.

Treatment involves more than medical consultation because of the impact of the diagnosis on the couple/family. Counselors can work with the couple to deal with the emotional and relational concerns influenced by the positive diagnosis.… Continue

Added by Dr. Linton Hutchinson on June 19, 2007 at 10:15am — No Comments

Sexual abuse treatment for victims, perpetrators, and their families

Sexual assault is a traumatic event from which many victims never fully recover. Victims often develop problems with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, poor self-esteem, interpersonal difficulties, and sexual disorders. PTSD is overwhelmingly the most common disorder related to sexual abuse.

Children may have some symptoms that are different from adults such as agitated behavior, repetitive play involving trauma, frightening non-specific dreams, and reenactment of the… Continue

Added by Dr. Linton Hutchinson on June 19, 2007 at 10:14am — No Comments

Non-standardized Assessment Tests


* First developed and popularized in clinical settings by Monica McGoldrick and Randy Gerson.

* Developed principally within the context of Murray Bowen’s intergenerational family systems theory, genograms offer an efficient and effective process for explaining repetitive behaviors and patterns.

* Essentially, genograms are graphic representations of an individual’s extended family that typically cross at least three generations.

* Use of genograms implies a… Continue

Added by Dr. Linton Hutchinson on June 19, 2007 at 10:13am — No Comments

Risk factors, Stages and Patterns of Grief Response


• DSM Diagnosis under Other Conditions That May be Focus of Clinical Attention, V62.82, Bereavement- used for death of a loved one.

• Depression in this case is considered “normal” but individual my be seeking treatment to relieve symptoms such as insomnia or anorexia.

• Expression of “normal” bereavement time is relative to different cultures.

• Major Depressive disorder is not diagnosed unless… Continue

Added by Dr. Linton Hutchinson on June 4, 2007 at 9:01pm — No Comments

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